We all know there are different kinds of silk sarees such as Kanjivaram silk sarees, Banarasi silk sarees, etc. But these primarily refer to the region in which the silk yarn is woven into a silk saree. What are the different kinds of silk used to weave sarees? Read on to find out!
Tussar silk refers to the silk derived from several species of wild silk worms. These silk worms dwell in forest regions and feed on the leaves of the trees they live on. There is a variation of tussar silk production process in which the silk worm is allowed to break out of the cocoon before the cocoon is boiled. The silk produced by this method is termed as ‘ahimsa silk’, referring to the nonviolent nature of production. Tussar silks have a notable golden texture and are of much shorter fibers compared to mulberry silk. Tussar silk sarees are very popular in various regions of India.
This silk is named after the assamese word ‘Era’ for castor, since the worms are fed on the leaves of castor plants. The silk has a woolen white color and the silk worm used to produce this silk is domesticated similar to the mulberry silkworm. Eri silk is often produced without killing the worm and hence can be categorized as ahimsa silk. It is durable, elastic and slightly heavier than other kinds of silk.
Eri silk worms feed on the leaves of the castor plant and the silk produced has a woolen white tone
This silk is produced from silk worms endemic to the region of Assam in India. The silk has a yellowish tint and a glossy texture, making it suitable for weaving sarees. The silk worms feed on the leaves of som and soalu plants. Again, sarees woven with muga silk have a unique texture and are quite popular among vegans and lovers of nonviolent silk.